Friday, May 9, 2014

Philip Clive Wakefield

Philip Clive Wakefield was born 14 June 1923 in Sawston, Cambridgeshire, England to Albert Wakefield and Gertrude Flora Starling. He was last of six children and as the last English Census record available is 1911, there are no census records currently available to show him listed with the rest of his family. 

His brothers and sisters were:
  • Vivien Gertrude Mabel Wakefield
  • Flora Kathline Ann Wakefield
  • Eric John Behague Wakefield
  • Audrey May Wakefield
  • Bernard Albert Wakefield
His birth is listed in the England and Wales Birth Index for the 3rd quarter, 1923, Linton Registration District, Vol. 3b, page 740 as follows:

His father was a baker's journeyman and lived most of his live in Sawston which is where Philip and his family grew up. 

With the start of World War II in 1939, Philip joined the Army to help defend his country during this conflict. He joined the Black Watch which was the Royal Highland Regiment. This regiment was a Scottish regiment of the British Army and originated in 1881. It was the senior regiment of the Highland Brigade which took its name from the dark tartan that was worn with a roll of watching the Highlands. 

An article on the Black Watch from Wikipedia points out where they served in World War II as follows:

Battalions of the Watch fought in almost every major action of the British in World War II, from Palestine to Dunkirk to Normandy and as Chindits (42 and 73 columns) in Burma . The Black Watch was fiercely defeated by German Fallschirmjäger and Gebirgsjäger during the Battle of Crete in May 1941. The regiment was the first to cross the Rhine and into Germany during the Allied advance in 1945. After the war, in 1948, the two regular battalions were merged into one.(1)

Most unfortunately, Philip was killed in the "Italy" Theater of War on 13 Nov 1944 according to his listing on the UK Army Roll of Honour.(2)

Philip is buried in the Cesena War Cemetery located in Provincia di Forli, Emilia-Romagna, Italy.(3)

The Commonwealth War Graves provides a nice certificate for family members. In association, there is War Graves Photographic Project where one can obtain a picture of the said grave. The war grave site also provides a map of the burial area so one can see where their loved one is buried.

Losing a son must have been a very difficult time for this close knit family. Thankfully, we as a people honor those who have fought and paid the ultimate price for the freedoms we enjoy today. 

As Memorial Day is at the end of this month, he will be remembered for his service along with all the others who have done the same over time.

(2) UK, Army Roll of Honour, 1939-1945 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2009. Original data: England. The National Archives. “War Office: Roll of Honour, Second World War.” Database. Army Roll of Honour 1939-45. Soldiers Died in World War Two. (WO304). CD Rom. Naval & Military Press.

Comments are always encouraged and welcome!

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Claire (*)

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